London School of Economics Centre for the Economics of Education LSE
Centre for the Economics of Education  (CEE)

The Relationship between School Resources and Student Attainment at Key Stage 3

Rosalind Levačić, Andrew Jenkins, Anna Vignoles, Fiona Steele and Rebecca Allen

Wednesday 2nd March 2005, 10.30am - 12.00pm

Venue: Centre for Economic Performance

Conference room R405, 4th Floor, 10 Portugal Street, London, WC2A 2HD

Estimating the effect of school resources on attainment has generally proved difficult because of the endogeneity of resources, which in England is due mainly to compensatory financing of schools. This paper estimates the effect of expenditure per pupil, the pupil-teacher ratio and the non-teaching-staff-pupil ratio on attainment at KS3, using an instrumental variables approach. The main findings are that resources have a small and significant positive impact on maths and science attainment but not on English. The gain in attainment from additional resources appears to be greater for pupils from poorer home backgrounds, particularly if they have attained well at KS2.
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