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Paper No' CEEDP0104: | Full paper
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Keywords: Basic skills; Intergenerational transfer, Education
JEL Classification: I21;J13;J24
Is hard copy/paper copy available? YES - Paper Copy Still In Print.
This Paper is published under the following series: CEE Discussion Papers
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Abstract:The main aim of this paper is to assess how parents’ literacy and numeracy affect the cognitive skill of their children. The data used are from the British Cohort Survey (BCS) which provides in 2004 basic skill assessments for all cohort members and cognitive tests for their children. We find strong evidence that parents with higher basic skills have children who perform better in cognitive achievement tests. This result is robust to the inclusion of a wide range of factors, including family characteristics (socio-professional status, qualifications and income levels of the parents), family structure (number of siblings, lone parenthood), child characteristics (gender, age, whether first born, number of siblings) and even parents’ own early cognitive ability as measured at age 5. We estimate a model where cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes of the children are simultaneously determined by their parents’ basic skills and other characteristics (using a SURE approach). We find that parents’ basic skills explain only their children’s cognitive skills, and not their non-cognitive outcomes. We suggest this provides some support for the proposition that parents’ basic skills are having a genuinely causal impact on children’s cognitive skills rather than simply being correlated with other unobserved parental characteristics that improve child achievement.
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